ABBA BAR KAHANA


ABBA BAR KAHANA
ABBA BAR KAHANA (late third century), Palestinian amora. It is possible that he was the son of Kahana the Babylonian, the pupil of Rav who immigrated to Ereẓ Israel. Abba quotes halakhot in the name of Ḥanina b. Ḥama and Ḥiyya b. Ashi (Shab. 121b; TJ, Ber. 6:6, 10d), but his talents lay largely in the realm of aggadah and, with his contemporary R. Levi, he was regarded as one of its greatest exponents (TJ, Ma'as. 3:10,5 la). Early aggadic traditions of leading tannaim such as eliezer b. hyrcanus , Simeon b. Yoḥai , judah b. ilai , and phinehas b. jair were known to Abba. Among his statements are "Such is the way of the righteous: they say little and do much" (Deut. R. 1:11) and "No serpent ever bites below unless it is incited from above … nor does a government persecute a man unless it is incited from above" (Eccles. R. 10:11). This statement probably reflects the persecutions of the Jews of his time, to which there may also be a reference in the observation "The removal of the ring by Ahasuerus (Esth. 3:10) was more effective than the 48 prophets and seven prophetesses who prophesied to Israel but were unable to lead Israel back to better ways" (Meg. 14a). His homiletical interpretations deal with biblical exegesis; he identifies anonymous biblical personalities (e.g., Dinah was the wife of Job: Gen. R. 19:12, etc.) as well as geographical sites whose location was not clear (Kid. 72a). He embellishes the biblical narrative with tales and aggadot (Gen. R. 78:16; Eccles. R. 2:5, etc.). His statements reflect the contemporary hardships and persecutions suffered by the Jews (Lev. R. 15:9). Abba expresses his expectation of redemption in the remark that "if you see the student benches in Ereẓ Israel filled with sectarians (Babylonians), look forward to the approaching steps of the Messiah" (Lam. R. 1:41); ibid., ed. Buber, 39a, however reads "every day" (Heb. בכל יום) instead of "Babylonians" (Heb. בבליים). -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Hyman, Toledot, 48–50; Bacher, Pal Amor; A. Marmorstein, in: Jeschurun, 13 (1926), 369ff. (Yitzhak Dov Gilat)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Abba Arika — Rav (amora) Rabbi Abba bar Aybo ( …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Abba ben Arika — Rav (amora) Rabbi Abba bar Aybo ( …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Abba ben Ayvo — Rav (amora) Rabbi Abba bar Aybo ( …   Wikipédia en Français

  • BAR KAPPARA — (beginning of third century C.E.), Palestinian scholar in the transition period between the tannaim and the amoraim. When quoted in tannaitic sources, he is called by his full name, R. Eleazar ha Kappar Beribbie. In his role as an amora, both… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Pesiqta de-Rav Kahana — La Pessikta deRav Kahana (judéo araméen : פסיקתא דרב כהנא Pesiqta de Rav Kahana, « Sections de Rav Kahana ») est un recueil de midrashei aggada (homélies rabbiniques) sur les fêtes et sabbats spéciaux au cours de l’année. Compilé… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pesikta de-Rav Kahana — Pesikta de Rab Kahana (Hebrew: פסיקתא דרב כהנא) is a collection of Aggadic midrash which exists in two editions, those of Solomon Buber (Lyck, 1868) and Bernard Mandelbaum (1962). It is cited in the Aruk and by Rashi. It consists of 33 (or 34)… …   Wikipedia

  • Hiyya bar Abba — For the Amora sage of the Land of Israel, of the 1st Amora Generation, see Rabbi Hiyya (Hiyya the Great). For the Amora sage of Babylon, of the 2nd and 3d Amora Generation, and Dean of the Pumbedita Academy, see Huna b. Hiyya. Hiyya bar Abba or… …   Wikipedia

  • Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak — You might be looking for Nachman bar Huna or Nachman bar Yaakov. Rabbinical Eras Chazal Zugot Tannaim Amoraim Savoraim Geonim Rishonim Acharonim Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak or Rabh Naħman bar Yişħaq in actual Talmudic and Classical Hebrew (died 356) …   Wikipedia

  • Pesiqta de Rab Kahana — Midrasch (hebr. מדרשׁ, pl. Midraschim) ist die Auslegung religiöser Texte im rabbinischen Judentum. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Wortbedeutung 2 Geschichte 3 Form 3.1 Halachische Midraschim 3.2 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Tanchuma bar Abba — R. Tanchuma bar Abba (auch Tanchum bar Abba, genauer: Berabbi Abba) war ein palästinischer Amoräer der fünften Generation und lebte und wirkte im vierten nachchristlichen Jahrhundert. Er war Schüler des R. Huna b. Abin und sammelte systematisch… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.